View all SDGs

Clean water and sanitation

Clean water and sanitation
Jordan Abrahams
Table of contents
Jordan Abrahams

SDG 6, "Clean Water and Sanitation", is a crucial and foundational goal within the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

Many individuals face the challenge of living without good ambient water quality and proper sanitation, leading to preventable diseases and loss of life. Despite progress in clean drinking water accessibility, the lack of sanitation hampers these advancements. By offering safe and affordable drinking equipment and educating on hygiene practices, we can put an end to this unnecessary suffering.

Here's why SDG 6 is critically important:

  1. ‍Basic Human Right: Access to clean drinking water, and sanitation is a basic human right. SDG 6 reinforces the principle that all individuals should have access to safe, clean, and affordable drinking water and sanitation services.
  2. Health and Well-Being: Clean water and sanitation are essential for good health (SDG 3). Lack of access to clean water can lead to waterborne diseases, while inadequate water and sanitation management and facilities can contribute to the spread of diseases.
  3. Poverty Reduction: Improving water and sanitation services (SDG 6) is closely linked with poverty reduction (SDG 1). Access to clean water and sanitation facilities can alleviate the burden of waterborne diseases and substantially reduce their healthcare expenses.
  4. Education: SDG 6 emphasizes the importance of providing clean water and more equitable sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools (SDG 4). Improved school facilities contribute to a better learning environment, especially for girls, who may otherwise miss school due to a lack of privacy and hygiene during menstruation.
  5. Gender Equality: Access to clean water and sanitation services can empower women and girls (SDG 5) by reducing the time and effort required to fetch water, allowing them to pursue education and economic opportunities.
  6. Nutrition: Clean water is essential for proper nutrition (SDG 2). Access to safe water supports food preparation, water harvesting, hygiene, sanitation management and agricultural practices.
  7. Environmental Sustainability: SDG 6 emphasizes sustainable water management practices to protect and restore freshwater ecosystems (SDG 15) and prevent water scarcity and pollution (SDG 14).
  8. Resilience to Climate Change: Adequate water and sanitation services contribute to resilience to the impacts of climate change (SDG 13) by ensuring access to clean water during droughts and floods and reducing the risk of water-related disasters.‍
  9. Rural and Urban Development: Access to clean water and sanitation services is essential for both rural and urban development (SDGs 11 and 9). It supports livelihoods, economic activities, and overall quality of life.
  10. Reduce Inequalities: SDG 6 aims to substantially reduce these inequalities (SDG 10) by ensuring that marginalized and vulnerable populations, such as those in informal settlements or remote areas, have equitable access to clean water and sanitation.
  11. Wastewater Management: Proper wastewater management and treatment, as highlighted in SDG 6, contribute to environmental protection and the recycling of water resources, aligning with the sustainable management of water consumption and production (SDG 12).
  12. Global Partnership: Achieving SDG 6 requires international cooperation and partnerships to address transboundary water issues and ensure equitable access to shared water resources.

In summary, SDG 6, "Clean Water and Sanitation", is critical because it addresses the fundamental need for access to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation services. Achieving this goal has far-reaching implications for health and well-being, poverty reduction, education, gender equality, environmental sustainability, and resilience to climate change. It represents a significant step toward ensuring that all communities have access to sufficient and affordable drinking water, and sanitation supports the basic necessities required for a dignified and healthy life.

Your contributions in achieving SDG 6

Ensuring clean water and sanitation for all is not just a global aim; it's a responsibility we all share within the Global Goals. Take individual actions using these eight targets to contribute to this crucial mission.

Target 6.1

Work towards ensuring universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030. Contribute by adopting water conservation practices and supporting initiatives in developing countries that improve water accessibility and ensure availability and sustainable using.

Target 6.2

Strive for access to adequate and fair sanitation and hygiene, aiming to eliminate open defecation by 2030. Focus on personal hygiene practices and support programs that address equitable sanitation and hygiene needs, particularly for women, girls, and vulnerable groups.

Target 6.3

Collaborate to enhance water quality, reduce pollution, minimize other hazardous chemicals and material releases, restore water related ecosystems and significantly increase global recycling and safe reuse of water by 2030. Contribute by adopting eco-friendly practices and supporting initiatives that promote water recycling.

Target 6.4

Contribute to improved water-use efficiency and ensure sustainable withdrawals to address water scarcity and reduce the number of people experiencing serious water stress and scarcity by 2030. Adopt water-saving habits in daily activities and support sustainable water management practices.

Target 6.5

Support the implementation of integrated water resources management at all levels, including transboundary cooperation as needed by 2030. Advocate for responsible water management policies and participate in community-level initiatives that promote both water use efficiency and resource sustainability.

Target 6.6

Participate in initiatives to protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers, and lakes. Engage in local conservation efforts and support projects in developing countries that aim to preserve, protect and restore water-related ecosystems.

Target 6.7

Advocate for expanded international cooperation and capacity building support to developing nations in water- and sanitation-related activities by 2030. Stay informed about global water challenges and support organizations working towards providing water-related technologies and solutions and support to developing countries and nations.

Target 6.8

Promote and strengthen the involvement of local communities in enhancing water and sanitation availability and sustainable management throughout. Engage with local initiatives, participate in community projects, support developing countries and advocate for community-driven approaches to water and sanitation management.

Things to Do to Get Started

  • Consider supporting a Goal 6 charity with a donation, no matter the size, to make a meaningful impact.
  • Even today, approximately 4 billion people lack access to basic water sanitation and hygiene services. Use your voice to shed light on the absence of toilets in communities worldwide.
  • Start a hygiene campaign to raise awareness of hygiene issues in your community, be it through social media, school/university campaigns or neighborhood initiatives.
  • Conserve water by closing taps when washing dishes and taking shorter showers. Bathtubs consume more water than a brief shower. Being aware of your water usage with a water meter can make a difference in water stress.
  • Organize a community clean-up project for rivers and oceans to address environmental concerns and engage the whole community in making a positive impact.
  • Stay informed by following your local news and engaging on platforms that advocate for the Global Goals.

Adequate and Equitable Sanitations

Ensuring achieve and equitable access to safe, adequate, and equitable sanitation is not just a matter of infrastructure; it is a commitment to human dignity and health. By investing in infrastructure, promoting education, and fostering global collaboration, we can pave the way for a future where every individual has access to sanitary facilities, creating healthier and more sustainable communities.

Strategies for Achieving Adequate and Equitable Sanitation

A. Investment in Infrastructure

  1. Rural Development Projects
    • Investing in rural development projects that prioritize sanitation infrastructure improves access in underserved areas.
  2. Urban Planning
    • Integrating sanitation considerations into urban planning addresses challenges in densely populated areas.

B. Hygiene Education

  1. School Programs
    • Implementing hygiene education programs in schools instills good sanitation habits from a young age.
  2. Community Workshops
    • Conducting community workshops on proper sanitation practices empowers individuals to take control of their health.

C. Technology and Innovation

  1. Sanitary technology
    • The acceptance of innovative sanitary technologies, such as waterless toilets and decentralized wastewater treatment, increases efficiency.‍
  2. Mobile apps for monitoring
    • Developing mobile apps for monitoring sanitation conditions allows for real-time data collection and response.

Global Collaboration for Sanitation Goals

A. United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

  1. Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation
    • Aligning efforts with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 6 emphasizes the global commitment to achieving universal sanitation.
  2. Collaboration Platforms
    • Participating in international collaboration platforms facilitates the sharing of best practices and resources.

Understanding Universal and Equitable Access

A. Inclusive Service Delivery

Universal access implies that essential services are available to all individuals, regardless of factors like geography, socioeconomic status, or identity.

B. Fair Distribution of Resources

Equitable access ensures that resources are universal and equitable and are distributed fairly, addressing historical disparities and promoting equal opportunities to achieve universal and equitable and for everyone.

C. Diverse Needs Consideration

An inclusive approach considers the diverse needs of different groups, accommodating varying abilities, backgrounds, and circumstances.

Essential Services That Require Universal and Equitable Access

A. Healthcare

  1. Primary Healthcare
    • Ensuring universal access to primary healthcare services promotes early intervention and preventive care.
  2. Vaccination Programs
    • Equitable access to vaccination programs safeguards communities from preventable diseases.

B. Education

  1. Primary and Secondary Education
    • Universal access to quality primary and secondary education lays the foundation for lifelong learning.
  2. Higher Education
    • Equitable access to higher education opportunities opens doors to diverse career paths.

C. Technology and Information

  1. Digital Access
    • Universal access to digital technologies bridges information gaps and fosters connectivity.
  2. Public Information
    • Equitable access to public information ensures that everyone can participate in civic life.

Challenges in Achieving Universal and Equitable Access

A. Geographical Disparities

  1. Rural-Urban Divide
    • Rural areas often face challenges in accessing services readily available in urban centers.
  2. Global Disparities
    • Global inequalities impact access to resources, perpetuating disparities between nations.

B. Socioeconomic Barriers

  1. Income Inequality
    • Socioeconomic status can create barriers to accessing essential services, contributing to inequality.
  2. Discrimination and Bias
    • Discrimination and bias hinder equitable access for marginalized and vulnerable communities.

C. Technological Gaps

  1. Digital Divide
    • The digital divide, based on technological access, creates disparities in information and opportunities.
  2. Infrastructure Limitations
    • Inadequate infrastructure poses challenges in providing universal access to essential services.

Strategies for Achieving Universal and Equitable Access

A. Investment in Infrastructure

  1. Rural Development Projects
    • Investing in infrastructure projects in rural areas closes the gap in access to essential services.
  2. Technological Inclusion
    • Promoting technology inclusion initiatives ensures that digital advancements benefit everyone.

B. Policy Reforms

  1. Legislation for Equality
    • Implementing and enforcing legislation that ensures equal access to essential services.
  2. Affirmative Action
    • Affirmative action policies address historical inequalities and promote equitable opportunities.

C. Community Engagement

  1. Participatory Planning
    • Involving communities in the planning process ensures that services meet local needs.
  2. Cultural Competence Training
    • Providing cultural competence training for service providers improves understanding and inclusivity.

Integrated Water Resources Management

Integrated Water Resources Management stands as a beacon for sustainable water use, acknowledging the intricate web connecting water, ecosystems, and societies. By overcoming challenges through collaborative governance, data-driven decision-making, and a commitment to equitable and achieve access to adequate well, we can nurture water resilience for current and future generations, ensuring a thriving and balanced world.

Sustainable Management of Water

Sustainable management of the world's population and water resources is not merely a choice but a necessity for the well-being of our planet and future generations. By embracing water efficiency, conservation, and international collaboration, we can nurture a water-resilient future where this vital resource remains abundant, accessible, and safeguarded for all.

Key Principles of Sustainable Water Management

A. Efficiency and Conservation

  1. Water Use Efficiency
    • Implementing technologies and practices that maximize the efficiency of water use in agriculture, industry, and households.
  2. Conservation Measures
    • Promoting conservation measures such as rainwater harvesting and reforestation to sustainably manage water resources.

B. Protection of Water Quality

  1. Pollution Prevention
    • Implementing measures to prevent water pollution, safeguarding water quality for both human consumption and ecosystem health.
  2. Wastewater Treatment
    • Developing effective wastewater treatment systems to ensure the safe disposal or reuse of treated water.

C. Community Engagement

  1. Participatory Decision-Making
    • Involving local communities in decision-making processes to ensure that water management strategies align with their needs.
  2. Education and Awareness
    • Promoting education and awareness initiatives to cultivate a culture of responsible water use among the public.

Challenges in Achieving Sustainable Water Management

A. Climate Change Impact

  1. Altered Precipitation Patterns
    • Changes in precipitation patterns impact water availability, posing challenges for sustainable water management.
  2. Increased Frequency of Extreme Events
    • Rising frequency of extreme events like floods and droughts necessitates adaptive strategies.

B. Urbanization and Industrialization

  1. Increased Demand
    • Urbanization and industrialization lead to increased water demand, straining existing resources.
  2. Infrastructure Challenges
    • Expanding infrastructure to meet growing demand poses logistical and financial challenges.

C. Population Growth

  1. Growing Water Demand
    • Population growth places additional stress on water resources, requiring careful management to meet rising demand.
  2. Displacement and Competition
    • Displacement and competition for water resources can result from population growth, exacerbating conflicts.
Simply invest sustainably

Open an investment account that allows you to invest in funds that match your values.

Download Moniflo
Simply invest sustainably
Good to know

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Jordan Abrahams


No items found.